Bengali is one of the richest languages in the world. Forming a country on the basis of language, dedicating one’s life to the movement for mother tongue – for all these reasons, Bengali language has gained a unique status all over the world. In recognition of the struggle of the 1952 language martyrs, UNESCO declared February 21, 1999 as International Mother Language Day in1999.
(1) Bengali is the only language in the world which is well known all over the world for its language movement and its dedication to the mother tongue.
(2) Both the national anthems of Bangladesh “Amar Sonar Bangla” and “Jana Gana Mann” of India are composed in Bengali.
(3) More than one million people speak Bengali as their first or second language. It is generally the sixth most spoken language in the world. It is also the second most spoken language in India. Bengali is the only state language or official language of the sovereign language-based nation-country of Bangladesh. Modern Bengali is the official language of West Bengal, Tripura and the Barak Valley of Asam in India. It is also an official language of Sierra Leone.
(4) ‘Charyapad’, a collection of mysterious poems and songs of perception is considered to be the original pattern of Bengali language. The origin of bengali language in written form is in Charyapada. The Bengali language took its present form at the end of the eighteenth century through a vast collection of literature written in Bengali from the eighth century.
(5) Bengali is a language that many people have given their lives for the language more than once.